What Can You Expect at a Sikh Wedding Ceremony?


Just like weddings in any culture, Sikh weddings are a beautiful and joyous occasion that celebrate the union of two individuals. Sikh weddings, also known as Anand Karaj, are full of rich traditions and rituals that hold deep symbolic meaning.

One of the key components of a Sikh wedding ceremony is the Anand Karaj, which translates to "blissful union" in Punjabi. The ceremony takes place in a Gurdwara, a Sikh place of worship, and is conducted by a Granthi, a Sikh priest. The bride and groom sit side by side in front of the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy book.

A picture of of the Ramgarhia Board Gurdwara, Leeds

During the ceremony, hymns are sung from the Guru Granth Sahib, and the couple takes four rounds around the Guru Granth Sahib, representing their commitment to each other and to Waheguru, the Sikh term for God. This is followed by the Ardas, a prayer that seeks blessings for the couple's future together.


One of the most visually striking aspects of a Sikh wedding is the Palla ceremony, where a scarf or cloth is placed over the couple's heads to symbolize their unity. The scarf is usually held by four women, representing the four corners of the world, and is tied in a knot to signify the couple's eternal bond.

After the ceremony, a langar, or community meal, is served to all the guests. This meal is prepared and served by volunteers as a symbol of equality and sharing, reflecting the Sikh values of seva (selfless service) and oneness.


Just like in many other cultures, the exchanging of garlands, called varmala, is also a common practice in Sikh weddings. The bride and groom garland each other as a sign of acceptance and respect for one another.

Another important tradition in Sikh weddings is the Milni ceremony, where the male members from the bride's and groom's families exchange hugs and garlands as a symbol of acceptance and unity between the two families.


Overall, Sikh weddings are a beautiful blend of spiritual, cultural, and joyous celebrations. The ceremonies are filled with rituals that symbolize love, unity, and the shared values of the Sikh faith. Attending a Sikh wedding is a truly enriching experience that allows guests to witness the coming together of two souls in a celebration of love and devotion.